Below is a list of Microflora in Kefir

Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology, and Nutrition [1993] [pp. 1804-1808] Edited by R. Macrae, R.K. Robinson, M.J. Sadler

note: this list does not mean that your particular or any particular yogurt or kefir contains ALL of the following. The better example is the Mean Range of 66% Bacilli, 16% Streptococci, and 18% yeasts. note also that the range of Bacilli and Streptococci may vary, but one does want to hold down the percentage of yeast which here in yogurt world is more a nuisance.

Typical Kefir contains; Bacilli 66, 62-69%, Streptococci 16, 11-12% and Yeast 18, 16-20%

List of bacteria commonly found in Coconut and goat Kefir.

Most important aspect is the ratio or domination of different strains a list from greatest to least for Goat Kefir.


Lb. acidophilus

Lb. brevis

Lb. casei

Lb. casei subsp. rhamnosus

Lb. casei subsp. pseudoplantarum

Lb. paracasei subsp. paracasei

Lb. cellobiosus

Lb. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus

Lb. delbrueckii subsp. lactis

Lb. fructivorans

Lb. helveticus subsp. lactis

Lb. hilgardii

Lb. kefiri

Lb. kefiranofaciens

Lb. kefirgranum sp. nov *

Lb. parakefir sp. nov *

Lb. lactis

Lb. plantarum


Lactococci lactis subsp. lactis

Lc. lactis var. diacetylactis

Lc. lactis subsp. cremoris

Streptococci salivarius subsp. thermophilus

S. lactis

Enterococcus durans

Leuconostoc cremoris

Leuc. mesenteroides

C. pseudotropicalis

C. rancens

C. tenuis

Kluyveromyces lactis

Kluyveromyces marxianus var. marxianus

K. bulgaricus

K. fragilis / marxianus

Saccharomyces subsp. Torulopsis holmii

Saccharomyces lactis

S. carlsbergensis

S. unisporus

Debaryomyces hansenii **

Zygosaccharomyces rouxii **


Acetobacter aceti

A. rasens

Coconut Kefir has a multitude of different strains in one bottle, the more strains that a host has inside their body, the healthier the host due to a higher immunity.

Lactobacillus casei subsp.

casei SD-5842

Lactobacillus fermentum

Lactobacillus plantaru

 Lactobacillus reuteri

 Lactobacillus rhamnosus

 Lactobacillus lactis subsp. Lactis

Pediococcus acidilactici

 Bifidobacterium bifidum

Lactobacillus helveticus

Bifidobacterium breve

 Bifidobacterium infantis

 Bifidobacterium lactis

Bifidobacterium longum

Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus acidophilus

 Lactobacillus brevis

Lactobacillus casei SD-5213

 Lactobacillus paracasei DS-5275

Lactobacillus plantarum SD-5209

Lactobacillus rhamnosus SD-5217

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG ATCC-53103

Lactobacillus sakei SD-6853

Lactobacillus salivarius SD-5208

Lactobacillus salivarius SD-5851

Streptococcus thermophiles SD-5207

Streptococcus thermophiles SD-5849